Hey kindergarten teachers! What are your thoughts on word work activities for your class? What is word work? Easy to find? Hard to find? Not engaging?
Wherever you are with your teaching journey and incorporating meaningful and engaging word work instruction, today I’d love to share 5 ideas that you can implement right away to help your students build a strong literacy foundation.
So… what is word work? Word work is when we use intentional activities/practice to have our students work with words. It can include phonetic patterns, heart words (high-frequency words), rhyming words, prefixes/suffixes, etc.
Building Words with Magnetic Letters
I’m sharing this one first because it is my go to for word work whether we’re practicing a particular phonics pattern, heart word, or maybe even tying in some practice with prefixes or suffixes.
There are a ton of ways to use these! Have students read a word from a word card then build it either by the sounds alone or by using the card for a guide.
And bonus, students are using their fine motor skills to manipulate the letters to form words, while also practicing letter recognition, phonemic awareness, and spelling.
Also worth mentioning, these are a great tool for students who need low investment activities to build confidence because magnetic letters allow for easy adjustments.
Segment and Write
Another winner in my book because I tie these directly to the phonics pattern and decodable reader that we’ve read in small groups together. Sometimes we just don’t have time to get to this activity while in small group, so I have students complete it as a center activity.
Students work to identify the word, segment the word into individual sounds using counters, then write the letter/s that represent each sound in their own box. It’s a super effective and easy way to see which students are retaining the pattern and which need additional practice.
Word sorts are a winner because they let you focus on specific spelling patterns and add difficulty as students are ready. Plus they are SUPER low prep which is always a winner in my book!
First choose a specific spelling pattern or set of words to focus on, such as short vowel sounds, words with the letter “s,” or words with a certain digraph. Then, provide students with a set of word cards and ask them to sort the cards into groups based on the designated pattern or sound.
These work perfectly for students to do independently or in pairs. Activities like this not only help students spell common patterns, but they also help students to map the visual representation of sounds with the sound in their brains.
Heart Word Tic Tac Toe
Want to know the secret to instant engagement when studying heart words (or any phonics pattern)? Make it a game!
Heart word tic-tac-toe is as easy to set up as giving students a 3×3 grid or have them make their own on a white board! From there students take turns drawing a heart word (high frequency word) from a basket. The student reads the word aloud and if he/she is correct then he/she writes the word in a space on the play grid.
This not only reinforces reading the word but also accurately spelling the word.
First to get three in a row wins!
This word work idea is so widely popular that you’ve probably already seen it before, but it’s still fun and effective so it makes the list!
Students using a variety of different colored markers, crayons, or colored pencils to write words on a piece of paper. You can either have students trace the letters of the word first in one color, then trace over them in a different color, creating a rainbow effect OR have them write each letter in a different color creating a rainbow as you look across the word.
This multi-sensory activity helps students with letter formation and recognition, as well as building fine motor skills. Throw in some fun colored or scented markers and students will be begging to go to the rainbow writing center!
What other activities do you do for word work that are effective and low prep? Let me know in the comments!